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Fall Prevention Care

Fall Prevention

There are many different reasons why people fall in later life. It can happen as a result of dizziness caused by different medications or medical conditions.

Falls can be caused by extrinsic factors such as poorly fitting footwear, uneven paving, or by the physiological conditions associated with ageing, such as natural deterioration in eyesight and muscle strength, which can make it difficult to balance, see and step over potential hazards.

In many cases, it is not simply one, but a combination of these risk factors that leads to a fall.

Good detective work is therefore essential when it comes to risk assessment. It is crucial that those at risk are offered a range of interventions.

ADINA Home Care safety hazard assessments include Patient Doctor Medication reviews, assessing any conflict with medications e.g. confirming causality of dizziness not related to medications etc.

The most effective component of a multifactorial intervention is therapeutic exercise, as balance impairment and muscle weakness caused by ageing and disuse are the most prevalent modifiable risk factors for falls.

Fall Prevention Care

Why is fall prevention important?

Falling is the leading cause of injury in adults over the age of 65. Injuries from falling may not be noticeable at first, but failure to recognize symptoms can be potentially fatal. Injuries often inflict physical and emotional pain for the patient, with recovery time lasting up to a year in a rehabilitation center or long-term care facility. When an elderly person falls, the pressure from being on the floor for an extended period of time can result in kidney failure and worsen other chronic diseases.

How can we help?

Most falls happen because of loss of balance. Patients may have neglected the use of a walker or other assistive device and fallen as a result. ADINA Caregivers focus on reducing the risk of injury and frequency of falls to encourage safe, independent at-home living.

Fall prevention care examples can include:

  • Exercise:
    • Range-of-motion exercise improves muscle tone, strength and endurance.
  • Safety and supervision:
    • Fear of falling is a common anxiety among seniors. Caregivers are there to safely aid patients while walking or getting up from a chair.
  • Medication reminders:
    • Taking prescription medications on time can be a key factor in the health of your loved one.